Endometrial ablation is a procedure used to remove the uterine lining. It is a treatment for heavy bleeding and is done by inserting a tool through the cervix. The tools vary, but may include using extreme heat, microwave energy, or radio frequencies. Endometrial Ablation can be used to treat heavy periods, prolonged menstrual bleeding, and anemia that is caused by too much blood loss. Anesthesia options vary – from local anesthetic to general anesthesia. The type of ablation generally determines what kind of sedation is necessary. Depending on the type of ablation, the procedure may be performed in a doctor’s office or in a hospital.
Risks from the procedure are uncommon, but include puncture of the uterine wall, pain, bleeding, infection, and damage to nearby organs.